立即注册 登录
华人科学网 (华科网) 返回首页

xilihutu的个人空间 http://www.sciencenets.com/?5 [收藏] [复制] [分享] [RSS]


热度 1已有 300 次阅读2015-5-14 22:49 |个人分类:医学新闻|系统分类:科普作品| 科普

医学新闻 05-14-2015

Medical News

Giving HOPE: U.S. Has Nearly 400 HIV-Positive Potential Organ Donors, Penn Study Finds

A study, published online ahead of print May 14 in the American Journal of Transplantation, revealed that there are nearly 400 HIV-positive potential organ donors who could be sources of donated organs annually for HIV-positive patients waiting for organ donations.

(Embargo expired on 14-May-2015 at 00:00 ET)

American Journal of Transplantation

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Medical Marijuana Pill May Not Be Effective in Treating Behavioral Symptoms of Dementia

MINNEAPOLIS – A new study suggests that medical marijuana pills may not help treat behavioral symptoms of dementia, such as aggression, pacing and wandering. The research is published in the May 13, 2015, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. However, researchers did find that the drug dosage used in the clinical trial was safe and well-tolerated.

(Embargo expired on 13-May-2015 at 16:00 ET)

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Penn Study Finds That Various Financial Incentives Help Smokers Quit

Four different financial incentive programs, each worth roughly $800 over six months, all help more smokers kick the habit than providing free access to behavioral counseling and nicotine replacement therapy. Further, the way in which equally-sized payouts are structured influences their effectiveness. The findings are the result of a year-long randomized trial among CVS Caremark (now CVS Health) employees that was conducted by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania.

(Embargo expired on 13-May-2015 at 17:00 ET)

New England Journal of Medicine, May-2015; CA159932; AG036592

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

The Tumor Microenvironment and Drug-Resistant Neuroblastoma

Researchers have made an important step toward finding a target in the fight against drug-resistant neuroblastoma (NBL), the most common solid malignancy found, outside of the skull, in children.

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 13-May-2015 at 16:00 ET)

Journal of the National Cancer Institute; P30CA014089; PO1CA081403-15; 1UH2TR00943-01; RO1 CA 182905-01 ; P50 CA093459

– Children's Hospital Los Angeles Saban Research Institute

Your Handshake Tells the Story of Your Health

The study followed almost 140,000 adults aged 35 to 70 over four years in 17 countries. Their muscle strength was measured using a handgrip dynamometer. They were taking part in the institute’s Prospective Urban-Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study.

(Embargo expired on 13-May-2015 at 18:30 ET)

The Lancet

– McMaster University

TSRI Scientists Identify Interferon Beta as Likely Culprit in Persistent Viral Infections

Interferon proteins are normally considered virus-fighters, but scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have found evidence that one of them, interferon beta, has an immune-suppressing effect that can help some viruses establish persistent infections.

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 13-May-2015 at 12:00 ET)

Cell Host & Microbe, May 13 2015

– Scripps Research Institute

Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey Helps Make Advances with Pembrolizumab in Small Cell Lung Cancer

Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey investigators along with other colleagues have demonstrated that the immunotherapy drug pembrolizumab is generally well tolerated in those with small cell lung cancer, one of the most difficult to treat forms of lung cancer when it is in advanced stages. The results will be presented at the upcoming American Association of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting.

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 13-May-2015 at 17:00 ET)

ASCO Annual Meeting 2015

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Protein FGL2 May Have Potential as Therapy Target for Brain Cancer

Blocking FGL2, a protein known to promote cancer, may offer a new strategy for treating brain cancer, according to a study at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 13-May-2015 at 16:05 ET)

Journal of the National Cancer Institute, May 13, 2015

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

New Drug Combination Extends Survival of Patients with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Research led by scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute showed a new drug and a potentiating agent lengthened the lives of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, all of whom had exhausted available standard treatments.

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 13-May-2015 at 17:00 ET)

New England Journal of Medicine

– Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Variations in Liver Cancer Attributable to Hepatitis Virus Variations

Significant clinical variations exist among patients with the most common type of liver cancer called hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), depending on the viral cause of the disease –hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV). These differences suggest that hepatitis status should be considered when developing treatment plans for newly diagnosed patients, according to researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 13-May-2015 at 17:00 ET)

American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) meeting

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy Achieves Better Overall Survival Than Surgery for Early Lung Cancer

Patients with operable stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) could achieve better overall survival rates if treated with Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy (SABR) rather than the current standard of care – invasive surgery – according to research from a phase III randomized international study from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 13-May-2015 at 18:30 ET)

Lancet Oncology

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

Tumor Sequencing Study Highlights Benefits of Profiling Healthy Tissue as Well

As the practice of genetically profiling patient tumors for clinical treatment decision making becomes more commonplace, a recent study from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center suggests that profiling normal DNA also provides an important opportunity to identify inherited mutations that could be critical for patients and their families.

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 13-May-2015 at 17:00 ET)

American Society for Clinical Oncology 2015 Annual Meeting

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

MedStar Washington Hospital Center Saves Critical Time Diagnosing Stroke Patients with MRI by Borrowing "Lean" Manufacturing Principles

Few hospitals around the world routinely use MRI first-line for acute stroke diagnosis because of treatment delay concerns. This is the first study to report that, by applying “lean” process interventions, it is feasible to use MRI before administering a life-saving drug to stroke patients within 60 minutes of hospital arrival.

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 13-May-2015 at 16:00 ET)


– MedStar Washington Hospital Center

Revealing Kidney Cancer’s Secret

An international team of scientists, led by UC Davis nephrologist Robert Weiss, have used a sophisticated combination of proteomics and metabolomics to show how renal cell carcinoma (RCC) reprograms its metabolism and evades the immune system. In addition, the study found that cancer grade has a major impact on this reprogramming. These results, published online in the journal Cancer Research, point to new therapeutic options for this particularly deadly cancer.

Media embedded: Image(s)

Cancer Research, May, 7, 2015

– UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center

Definitive Tests for Irritable Bowel Syndrome Developed at Cedars-Sinai

Millions of people afflicted by irritable bowel syndrome can now be diagnosed quickly and accurately with two simple blood tests developed by a Cedars-Sinai gastroenterologist.


– Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

New Findings Support University Bid for Bandages to Enter the Electronic Age

The most detailed study to date showing how electrical stimulation accelerates wound healing has been carried out in 40 volunteers by University of Manchester scientists.

Media embedded: Image(s)

PLOS ONE, April 2015

– University of Manchester

Long-Term Depression May Double Stroke Risk for Middle-Aged Adults

Adults over 50 who have persistent symptoms of depression may have twice the risk of stroke as those who do not, according to a new study led by researchers at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. Researchers found that stroke risk remains higher even after symptoms of depression go away, particularly for women.

Media embedded: Image(s)

Journal of the American Heart Association, May-2015

– Harvard School of Public Health

Androgen Deprivation Therapy May Lead to Cognitive Impairment in Prostate Cancer Patients

Cognitive impairment can occur in cancer patients who are treated with a variety of therapies, including radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy. After chemotherapy treatment it is commonly called “chemo brain.” Signs of cognitive impairment include forgetfulness, inability to concentrate, problems recalling information, trouble multi-tasking and becoming slower at processing information. The number of people who experience cognitive problems following cancer therapy is broad, with an estimate range of 15 to 70 percent.

Journal of Clinical Oncology, May-2015

– Moffitt Cancer Center

Faster, Smaller, More Informative

A new technique invented at MIT can measure the relative positions of tiny particles as they flow through a fluidic channel, potentially offering an easy way to monitor the assembly of nanoparticles, or to study how mass is distributed within a cell. With further advancements, this technology has the potential to resolve the shape of objects in flow as small as viruses, the researchers say.

Media embedded: Image(s)

Nature Communications, May-2015

– Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT

Asthma App Helps Control Asthma: Alerts Allergists When Sufferers Need Assistance

New study in Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology shows how an app directly connecting an allergist and an asthma sufferer can provide necessary intervention when asthma isn’t under control.

Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology

– American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI)

Persistence Yields Progress in AIDS Vaccine Research at UC Santa Cruz

Phil Berman has been working to develop an AIDS vaccine for nearly 30 years. Now his lab has developed new vaccine candidates that he said are promising enough to consider advancing into clinical trials within the next two years.


– University of California, Santa Cruz

Infant Antibiotic Use Linked to Adult Diseases

A new study led by researchers at the University of Minnesota has found a three-way link among antibiotic use in infants, changes in the gut bacteria, and disease later in life.

Media embedded: Image(s)

Cell Host & Microbe, May-2015

– University of Minnesota

Research Shows How Antibodies Produce Vaccine-Like Effect Against Tumors

New research at Rockefeller University shows how antibody therapy destroys tumor cells then prompts a patient’s immune system to form an immunological memory that can suppress the same cancer should it try to return.

Media embedded: Image(s)


– Rockefeller University

Study Uncovers New Information on Genomic Instability

Using a novel method they developed to map chromosome breaks in a model organism, Wenyi Feng, Ph.D., and her colleagues have discovered new information as to how and where chromosome fragile sites can occur in human DNA.

Genome Research

– SUNY Upstate Medical University

New Insight Into Inflammatory Bowel Disease May Lead to Better Treatments

A newly discovered link between bacteria and immune cells sheds light on inflammatory bowel disease, an autoimmune condition that affects 1.6 million people in the United States, report researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

Media embedded: Image(s)

Cell Host & Microbe

– Washington University in St. Louis

New Blood Test Quickly Reveals Severity of Radiation Injury

A novel blood test could greatly improve triage of victims of radiation accidents by rapidly predicting who will survive, who will die, and who should receive immediate medical countermeasures, according to scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.

Media embedded: Image(s)

Science Translational Medicine

– Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

‘Extreme’ Exposure to Secondhand Cannabis Smoke Causes Mild Intoxication

Secondhand exposure to cannabis smoke under “extreme conditions,” such as an unventilated room or enclosed vehicle, can cause nonsmokers to feel the effects of the drug, have minor problems with memory and coordination, and in some cases test positive for the drug in a urinalysis. Those are the findings of a Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine study, reported online this month in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

Drug and Alcohol Dependence

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Men with Asthma Less Likely to Develop Lethal Prostate Cancer

In what they are calling a surprising finding in a large study of men who completed questionnaires and allowed scientists to review their medical records, Johns Hopkins researchers report that men with a history of asthma were less likely than those without it to develop lethal prostate cancer.

International Journal of Cancer; P01 CA55075; R01 CA133891; P30 CA006973; P50 CA58236; R01 HL35464

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

International Congress to Highlight Ways Neuromodulation Transforms Medical Treatment

The 12th World Congress of the International Neuromodulation Society scientific program, from June 8 - 11, 2015 in Montreal, will present landmark studies about neurostimulation therapy and investigations of potential breakthroughs.

– International Neuromodulation Society

FSU Research Team First to Study Effects of Ultraman Competitions

A team of Florida State researchers is the first group to look at the incredibly grueling competition called the Ultraman and what it does to your body.

Media embedded: Audio / Image(s)

– Florida State University

Be Sunscreen-Savvy and Lessen a Main Skin Cancer Risk Factor

Three million cases of skin cancer could be prevented annually by avoiding ultraviolet light. UAB experts share how to pick out the proper UV-protection and use it effectively.

Media embedded: Image(s)

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Bronchitis Can Be Gateway to More Serious Illness

When a cold has lasted too long or a cough is especially bothersome, it’s important to see a medical professional.

– Loyola University Health System

Pathologist Offers Four Tips for Women Diagnosed with Breast Cancer in Light of Sandra Lee’s Diagnosis

Dr. Jean Simpson, chair of the CAP Cancer Committee, offers four tips for women diagnosed with breast cancer following Sandra Lee's announcement to receive a double mastectomy as a result of a diagnosis of DCIS.

Media embedded: Video / Image(s)

– College of American Pathologists (CAP)

CAP and ADASP Offer New Guideline to Improve Laboratory Testing

Today, the College of American Pathologists (CAP) and the Association of Directors of Anatomic and Surgical Pathology (ADASP) announced the joint release of a new evidence-based guideline to provide recommendations for secondary and timely reviews of surgical pathology and cytology cases to improve patient care. The guideline, “Interpretive Diagnostic Error Reduction in Surgical Pathology and Cytology,” has been posted as an Early Online Release publication on the Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine website.

Media embedded: Video / Image(s)

Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, arpa.2014-0511-SA

– College of American Pathologists (CAP)

Mayo Clinic to Study 10,000 Patients for Drug-Gene Safety

Mayo Clinic, in collaboration with Baylor College of Medicine, is planning to launch a study of 10,000 Mayo biobank members for potential risk of drug reactions or lack of drug effect based on each individual’s genome. Researchers will be sequencing the DNA of the biobank members for 69 different genes that can influence how patients’ metabolize or react to different drugs. The goal is to determine which “pharmacogenomic” findings are relevant to that individual patient and to insert that information into their medical records – providing an “early warning system” to prevent adverse drug reactions or ineffective treatments.

– Mayo Clinic

Researchers Honored for Outstanding Contribution to Medical Literature on the Costs of Obesity Among Employees

Dr. Nathan Kleinman and colleagues received ACOEM’s 2015 Kammer Merit in Authorship Award for their paper “Cohort Analysis Assessing Medical and Nonmedical Cost Associated with Obesity in the Workplace” which appeared in the February 2014 issue of JOEM.

Media embedded: Image(s)

– American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM)

Dr. Paul Brandt-Rauf Receives Highest Honor in Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Paul W. Brandt-Rauf, MD, DrPH, ScD, FACOEM, received ACOEM’s highest honor, the Knudsen Lifetime Achievement in Occupational and Environmental Medicine Award, for his contributions to the specialty.

Media embedded: Image(s)

– American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM)

First U.S. Center to Study Lyme Disease Launched at Johns Hopkins Medicine

Fundamental research into the causes and cures of post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome now has its first home base at a major U.S. medical research center with the launch of the Johns Hopkins Lyme Disease Clinical Research Center.

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

American Pain Society Presents 2014 Achievement Awards

The American Pain Society (APS), www.americanpainsociety.org, today announced the recipients of its prestigious achievement awards during the organization’s annual scientific meeting. Every year, APS rewards excellence in pain research, advocacy and clinical care with awards for career achievement, pain scholarship, education and public service, advocacy on behalf of children, outstanding service to APS, early career achievements and journalism.

– American Pain Society

American Pain Society Honors Clinical Centers of Excellence in Pain Management Award Recipients

The American Pain Society (APS), www.ampainsoc.org, today honored the recipients of its annual Clinical Centers of Excellence in Pain Management Awards recognizing the nation’s outstanding pain care centers. Five multidisciplinary pain programs were recognized.

– American Pain Society

Dr. Glenn Pransky Receives ACOEM’s Health Achievement Award

On May 3, Glenn S. Pransky, MD, Director of the Center for Disability Research at the Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety in Hopkinton, Mass., received the ACOEM Health Achievement in Occupational Medicine Award.

Media embedded: Image(s)

– American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM)

Dr. Natalie Hartenbaum Receives ACOEM’s Meritorious Service Award

Natalie P. Hartenbaum, MD, MPH, FACOEM, a renowned expert in transportation medicine, received the 2015 ACOEM Meritorious Service Award for her expertise in occupational fitness for duty with a special focus on transportation medicine.

Media embedded: Image(s)

– American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM)

Researchers Honored for Outstanding Contribution to Medical Literature on Cost-effective Treatment for Low Back Pain

Dr. Harris Allen and colleagues receive Kammer Merit in Authorship Award for their study on tracking low back problems in a major self-insured workforce.

Media embedded: Image(s)

– American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM)

Renowned Medical Educator Judith Green-Mckenzie Receives ACOEM’s Excellence in Education/Research Award

Judith Green-McKenzie, MD, MPH, FACOEM, FACP, received ACOEM’s 2015 Kehoe Award for Excellence in Education or Research in Occupational and Environmental Medicine, for her distinguished career in as an educator in the field of occupational and environmental medicine.

Media embedded: Image(s)

– American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM)

Hospital Receives $2.76 Million Grant to Develop Sports Injury Prevention Program

Hospital for Special Surgery has received a $2.76 million grant to establish a program aimed at preventing injuries among young athletes.

Media embedded: Image(s)

– Hospital for Special Surgery

Prof. Matei Ciocarlie Wins Young Investigator Program Grant for Hands-on Research

Matei Ciocarlie, assistant professor of mechanical engineering, has been awarded a three-year $637,000 Young Investigator Program (YIP) grant from the Office of Naval Research (ONR) for his work on human-in-the-loop systems in which humans and robotic manipulators work together, side by side, on the same task.

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science





分享到: 更多

发表评论 评论 (2 个评论)

回复 江湖郎中 2015-5-15 00:12
Your Handshake Tells the Story of Your Health
Grip strength could be an easy and inexpensive test to assess an individual’s risk of death and cardiovascular disease

回复 江湖郎中 2015-5-15 00:12
Your Handshake Tells the Story of Your Health
Grip strength could be an easy and inexpensive test to assess an individual’s risk of death and cardiovascular disease



您需要登录后才可以评论 登录 | 立即注册

Archiver|手机版|小黑屋|华人科学网 (华科网)  

GMT+8, 2019-8-18 14:44