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热度 1已有 334 次阅读2015-5-14 10:11 |个人分类:医学新闻|系统分类:科普作品| 科普

医学新闻 05-13-2015

Medical News

Brains of Smokers Who Quit Successfully Might Be Wired for Success

Smokers who are able to quit might actually be hard-wired for success, according to a study from Duke Medicine. The study, published in Neuropsychopharmacology, showed greater connectivity among certain brain regions in people who successfully quit smoking compared to those who tried and failed.

(Embargo expired on 13-May-2015 at 09:00 ET)

Neuropsychopharmacology, May 13, 2015; R01 DA025876; K01 DA033347

– Duke Medicine

Public Health Advisories Linked With Reduction of Codeine Dispensing to Postpartum Women

Public health advisories from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Health Canada were associated with significant reductions in the rate of dispensing of codeine to postpartum women, according to a study in the May 12 issue of JAMA.

(Embargo expired on 12-May-2015 at 11:00 ET)

JAMA

– JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

Finding Should Enhance Treatments That Stop Immune System Attacks

Scientists at The University of Manchester have made an important discovery about an immune cell which is already being used in immunotherapy to treat diseases such as type I diabetes.

(Embargo expired on 12-May-2015 at 12:00 ET)

Immunity

– University of Manchester

Childhood Obesity Influenced by How Kids Are Fed, Not Just What They Eat

As the childhood obesity epidemic increases, researchers are discovering that the way caregivers feed their kids may be just as important as what they give them to eat. A new study reviews how a mother’s body mass index (BMI), ethnicity and personal eating habits may influence how she feeds her child.

Clinical Pediatrics; UL1RR025755

– Ohio State University Center for Clinical and Translational Science

Revolutionary Discovery Could Help Tackle Skin and Heart Conditions

Scientists at The University of Manchester have made an important discovery about how certain cells stick to each other to form tissue.

Media embedded: Video

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

– University of Manchester

Trending Stories Report for 13 May 2015

Trending news releases with the most views in a single day. Topics include: Statin drugs and cancer, concussions, women in business, tracking ebola, precision medicine, nursing, Nepal earthquake, and Oak Ridge National Lab researchers working on LHC experiments.

– Newswise Trends

U-M Researchers Take Step Toward Bringing Precision Medicine to All Cancer Patients

Researchers have developed and tested a new tool that searches for the most common genetic anomalies seen in cancer. The assay demonstrates the ability to make gene sequencing easier over a large volume of samples.

Media embedded: Image(s)

Neoplasia; CA183857; CA181605; CA 159945; CA154365; HG006508

– University of Michigan Health System

Personal Microbiomes Shown to Contain Unique 'Fingerprints'

A new study shows that the microbial communities we carry in and on our bodies—known as the human microbiome—have the potential to uniquely identify individuals, much like a fingerprint.

Media embedded: Image(s)

PNAS, May-2015

– Harvard School of Public Health

Trending Stories Report for 12 May 2015

Trending news releases with the most views in a single day. Topics include: tick-borne disease, 3D printing, childhood cancer and obesity, nursing, low-back pain, brain cells, and fluid dynamics.

– Newswise Trends

Failure to Expand ACA Medicaid Coverage Would Widen Disparities in Screening Uninsured and Low-Income Women for Breast and Cervical Cancer

Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center researchers recently conducted a study that found low-income and uninsured women in states that are not expanding their Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid coverage are less likely to receive breast and cervical cancer screenings compared to states that are implementing expansions.

Media embedded: Image(s)

American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Oct-2014; R01CA178980; P30 CA016059

– VCU Massey Cancer Center

Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity Linked to Eating Disorders

Transgender and non-transgender lesbian, gay and bisexual students are at greater risk for eating disorders, finds a new study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis and Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The study used data from the American College Health Association–National College Health Assessment, a survey of 289,024 students from 223 U.S. universities. Researchers found that the rates of self-reported eating disorders were highest in transgender people. Heterosexual men had the lowest rates.

Media embedded: Image(s)

Journal of Adolescent Health, April 2015

– Washington University in St. Louis

Survival From Rare Bone Cancer Remains Low

Ten-year survival of a rare malignancy called mesenchymal chondrosarcoma has been reported to be as low as 20 percent. But a Loyola study has found survival is not as dismal as prior reports. More than half (51 percent) of patients survived at least five years, and 43 percent survived at least 10 years.

Mid-America Orthopaedic Association annual meeting

– Loyola University Health System

Dartmouth Team Devises Use of Food Dye, Near Infrared Light to Aid in Breast Resection

Dartmouth team focuses on coming up with a practical solution that both preserves the surgical practice of inking the margins of breast cancer tumors, and allows quality imaging post-inking.

Journal of Biomedical Optics ; RO1 CA192803

– Norris Cotton Cancer Center Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

Joslin Research Discovery Provides Insight into Development of Autoimmunity

Joslin researchers have uncovered the action of a gene that regulates the education of T cells, providing insight into how and why the immune system begins mistaking the body’s own tissues for targets.

Media embedded: Image(s)

Immunity

– Joslin Diabetes Center

Breakthrough in Tinnitus Research Could Lead to Testable Model

Investigators from UB and other institutions have made a major breakthrough that provides new insights into how tinnitus, and the often co-occurring hyperacusis, might develop and be sustained.

eLife

– University at Buffalo

ICU Nurses Benefit From Workplace Intervention To Reduce Stress

A study by researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center found that a workplace mindfulness-based intervention reduced stress levels of employees exposed to a highly stressful occupational environment.

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, April 2015, Volume 57, Issue 4

– Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Metaphors of the Heart: Two Physicians Examine Heart Disease Through a Literary Lens

Heart disease has topped mortality charts as the No. 1 killer of men and women for many decades, but a novel analysis of American literary fiction by two physicians finds the disorder’s presence in great novels has remained relatively modest.

Perspectives in Biology and Medicine

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Starving Cancer Instead of Feeding It Poison

An enzyme drug can remove asparagine, an essential nutrient for some cancers, but it also degrades glutamine, necessary for all human cells. But an induced mutation in the drug permits it to reduce asparagine without affecting glutamine. Mouse tests now; human tests next.

Blood

– Sandia National Laboratories

Bug Bites and Stings: When to See a Doctor

Although most bug bites and stings are harmless, some can be dangerous. This is especially true if you are allergic to the bug’s venom, or if the bug is carrying a disease. In the United States, it’s common to experience a bite or sting from mosquitoes; fleas; spiders; bees, wasps and hornets; biting flies; mites; ticks; fire ants; and bedbugs.

Media embedded: Image(s)

– American Academy of Dermatology

UAB Opens the Third Clinic in the World for Patients with Transverse Myelitis

There were only two comprehensive clinics in the world for TM until UAB opened the third multidisciplinary, comprehensive clinic for transverse myelitis. It will combine physicians and other medical professionals from multiple disciplines in caring for patients with TM, which can cause loss of motor function or paralysis.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Nine Truths About Eating Disorders

In the face of many myths, the Academy for Eating Disorders (AED) releases “Nine Truths About Eating Disorders” in order to clarify public understanding. Produced in collaboration with Dr. Cynthia Bulik, PhD, FAED, who serves as distinguished Professor of Eating Disorders in the School of Medicine at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, “Nine Truths” is based on Dr. Bulik’s 2014 “9 Eating Disorders Myths Busted” talk at the National Institute of Mental Health. Leading associations in the field of eating disorders also contributed their valuable input.

– Academy for Eating Disorders (AED)

First-Grader of Near-Fatal Pencil Accident Celebrates 15th Anniversary

First-grader Destiny Lopez had just sharpened her pencil eager to finish up a writing assignment when she accidently tripped—impaling the pencil through her chest and into her heart. Nearly 15 years later, the now 23-year-old and recent mother, still bears the scar of that near-fatal accident. On May 14, she and caregivers from Harris Health System’s Ben Taub Hospital, as well as first-responders from the Houston Fire Department, will be joined by someone who many consider the unsung hero of the accident—teacher Terry Kirksey, who did not pull out the pencil from Lopez’s chest—giving her a fighting chance to survive the heart injury.

Media embedded: Image(s)

– Harris Health System

M2Gen® Appoints New Vice President of Strategy and Business Development

Naveen Kumar has been named Vice President of Strategy and Business Development at M2Gen®, Moffitt Cancer Center’s wholly owned, for-profit, informatics solution subsidiary advancing personalized medicine by using high quality tissue, clinical data and molecular technology to accelerate the discovery and delivery of personalized medicine. In his new role, Naveen will oversee the development and execution of M2Gen’s commercial activities and corporate growth strategy.

Media embedded: Image(s)

– Moffitt Cancer Center
















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