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已有 7743 次阅读2015-7-22 13:35 |个人分类:医学新闻|系统分类:科普作品| 抗菌素, 癌症, 糖尿病, 医疗护理

今日医学新知:变性后年轻人激素水平正常, 医护单位是抗生素滥用的祸首, UCSD医疗服 ...

Medical News

Former Professional Rugby Players Have Greater Cervical Spine Degeneration Than the General Population

French researchers used clinical examinations and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies to determine whether retired professional rugby players experience more serious symptoms of cervical spine degeneration than people in the general population.

(Embargo expired on 21-Jul-2015 at 00:00 ET)

Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine

– Journal of Neurosurgery

变性年轻人的激素水平正常 Transgender Youth Have Typical Hormone Levels

Johanna Olson, MD, and her colleagues at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, provide care for the largest number of transyouth in the U.S. and have enrolled 101 patients in a study to determine the safety and efficacy of treatment that helps patients bring their bodies into closer alignment with their gender of identity.

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 21-Jul-2015 at 05:10 ET)

Journal of Adolescent Health; KL2TR000131

– Childrens Hospital Los Angeles

失忆后的尊严: 护理院里如何保证失忆病人的营养 Dignity in Dementia: New Research Reveals the Challenges of Providing Good Nutrition in Care Homes

Unexplained weight loss is often seen in people with dementia, which can lead to further complications, including mental and physical deterioration. New research from Bournemouth University, funded by the Burdett Trust for Nursing, has revealed the challenges of providing good nutrition and hydration in people with dementia who live in care homes.

(Embargo expired on 21-Jul-2015 at 00:05 ET)

American Alzheimer’s International Conference

– Bournemouth University

黑人比白人的特发性心跳停止发病率高两倍 African-Americans Face Twice the Rate of Sudden Cardiac Arrest, Compared to Caucasians

Compared to Caucasians, African-Americans face twice the rate of sudden cardiac arrest, according to a new study from the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute.

Media embedded: Video (Embargo expired on 20-Jul-2015 at 16:00 ET)

Circulation

– Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

医护单位是抗菌素滥用的主要祸首 Health Care Providers A Major Contributor to Problem of Antibiotic Overuse

Differences in the routines of individual providers drives variation in antibiotic prescribing, more than differences in patient characteristics, standards of practice at different hospitals, or clinical settings (emergency department, primary care, urgent care). The report, published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, is an important step toward understanding the problem of antibiotic overuse, a major public health concern given the rise in antibiotic-resistant “superbugs”.

(Embargo expired on 20-Jul-2015 at 17:00 ET)

Annals of Internal Medicine

– University of Utah Health Sciences

Alefacept在一些新发I型糖尿病病人中能保护胰岛贝塔细胞的功能 Alefacept Preserves Beta Cell Function in Some New-Onset Type 1 Diabetes Patients Out to Two Years

Individuals with new-onset type 1 diabetes who took two courses of alefacept (Amevive®, Astellas Pharma Inc.) soon after diagnosis show preserved beta cell function after two years compared to those who received a placebo.

(Embargo expired on 20-Jul-2015 at 16:00 ET)

The Journal of Clinical Investigation, July 20, 2015; NO1-AI-15416; UM1AI109565

– Immune Tolerance Network

血癌病人本身遗传已被改变的免疫细胞具有控制癌症的作用 Patients' Own Genetically Altered Immune Cells Show Promise in Fighting Blood Cancer

In recent years, immunotherapy has emerged as a promising treatment for certain cancers. Now this strategy, which uses patients’ own immune cells, genetically engineered to target tumors, has shown significant success against multiple myeloma, a cancer of the plasma cells that is largely incurable. The results appeared in a study published online today in Nature Medicine.

(Embargo expired on 20-Jul-2015 at 11:00 ET)

Nature Medicine Advance Online Publication

– University of Maryland Medical Center/School of Medicine

35岁前被诊断有直肠癌的有三分之一是遗传性的 Study Finds One-Third of Colorectal Cancers Diagnosed Before Age 35 Are Hereditary

Hereditary colorectal cancers, caused by inherited gene mutations, are relatively rare for most patients.

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 20-Jul-2015 at 16:00 ET)

Journal of Clinical Oncology

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

New Pap Smear Schedule Led to Fewer Chlamydia Tests, New U-M Study Suggests

It’s a tale of two tests: one for early signs of cervical cancer, the other for the sexually transmitted disease chlamydia. But a change in the recommended schedule for one may have dramatically lowered the chances that young women would get the other, a new study finds.

(Embargo expired on 20-Jul-2015 at 17:00 ET)

Annals of Family Medicine, www.annfammed.org, Vol. 13, No. 4, July/August 2015

– University of Michigan Health System

加州大学圣地亚哥分校的医疗被评全美国第一 UC San Diego Health Ranks #1 by U.S. News & World Report

Once again, UC San Diego Health and its hospitals are ranked #1 in San Diego, and recognized among the best in the nation, by U.S. News & World Report for 2015-16. The annual U.S. News “Best Hospitals” rankings distinguish hospitals that excel in treating the most challenging health conditions.

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 21-Jul-2015 at 00:05 ET)

U.S. News & World Report

– University of California, San Diego Health Sciences

Hospital for Special Surgery Ranked No. 1 in Orthopedics by U.S.News & World Report for Sixth Consecutive Year

For the sixth consecutive year, Hospital for Special Surgery has been ranked the top hospital in the country for orthopedics by U.S. News & World Report in its 2015 “Best Hospitals” survey. The hospital was also ranked no. 3 in rheumatology, in association with NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital.

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 21-Jul-2015 at 00:05 ET)

– Hospital for Special Surgery

贫穷造成的最隐秘的危害是小孩的大脑 Poverty’s Most Insidious Damage Is to a Child’s Brain

A new study, published July 20 in JAMA Pediatrics, provides even more compelling evidence that growing up in poverty has detrimental effects on the brain. In an accompanying editorial, child psychiatrist Joan L. Luby, MD, at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, writes that “early childhood interventions to support a nurturing environment for these children must now become our top public health priority for the good of all.”

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 20-Jul-2015 at 11:00 ET)
Expert(s) available

JAMA Pediatrics, July 20, 2015

– Washington University in St. Louis

Poverty and Child Development, Race and Heart Health, Pot to Treat Pain, and More Top Stories 21 July 2015

Other topics include genetics to predict prostate cancer, Facebook and body image, bioengineered immune cell response, and more...

– Newswise Trends

Newswise Staff Picks

The best news, curated by Newswise editors

– Newswise Recommends

Genomic Fingerprint May Predict Aggressive Prostate Cancer in African Americans

A set of genes could help stratify African American men in need of more aggressive treatment for prostate cancer.

Journal of Clinical Oncology

– Thomas Jefferson University

Inhaled Cannabis Shown Effective for Diabetic Neuropathy Pain

New research reported in The Journal of Pain, published by the American Pain Society (www.americanpainsociety.org, shows that inhaled cannabis reduces diabetic neuropathy and the analgesic effect is dose-dependent.

The Journal of Pain

– American Pain Society

Georgia State Study Finds State Regulations Linked to Late Cancer Diagnoses

States’ regulations of health insurance and practitioners significantly influence when patients receive colorectal or breast cancer diagnoses, especially among people younger than the Medicare-eligible age of 65, according to a new study by researchers at Georgia State University’s School of Public Health and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Health Economics Review

– Georgia State University

Mayo Clinic Study Uncovers Key Differences Among ALS Patients

Researchers on Mayo Clinic’s Florida campus have identified key differences between patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig’s disease) and those with the most common genetic form of ALS, a mutation in the C9orf72 gene.

Nature Neuroscience

– Mayo Clinic

Life-Saving Breast Cancer Drugs Going Untaken in Appalachia

Nearly a third of breast cancer survivors in Appalachia are not taking the critical, potentially life-saving follow-up treatment – despite having insurance that would pay for it, a troubling new study has found.

– University of Virginia Health System

Is Facebook Use Always Associated with Poorer Body Image and Risky Dieting?

College women who are more emotionally invested in Facebook and have lots of Facebook friends are less concerned with body size and shape and less likely to engage in risky dieting behaviors. But that’s only if they aren’t using Facebook to compare their bodies to their friends’ bodies, according to the authors of a surprising new study at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine.

Media embedded: Image(s)

Journal of Adolescent Health

– University of North Carolina School of Medicine

新方法给癌细胞供应葡萄糖能有效用于抑制癌症 New Method to Deliver Glucose to Cancer Cells Could Prove Key to Defeating Deadly Cancers

•UCLA scientists have for the first time demonstrated the importance of sodium-dependent glucose transporters (SGLTs) in delivering glucose to pancreatic and prostate cancer cells •Study results show promising evidence that current SGLT inhibitor drugs (such as those commonly used to treat diabetes) could potentially be used to block glucose uptake and reduce tumor growth in these cancers •Researchers also utilized PET imaging to measure SGLT activity, suggesting the technology could be used to better diagnose pancreatic and prostate cancers •Pancreatic and prostate cancers are among the most deadly forms of cancer in men, and new therapies are urgently needed to combat these diseases

Media embedded: Image(s)

PNAS

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Study: The Angelina Jolie Effect on Breast Cancer Screening

Angelina Jolie received widespread media attention in 2013 when she told the public that she’d tested positive for BRCA1, a gene associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, and subsequently had a double mastectomy. Now research shows this publicity did influence some women’s intentions to seek similar testing.

Journal of Health Communication, DOI: 10.1080/10810730.2015.1064498

– North Carolina State University

新抗体有望用于老年痴呆的治疗 Novel Monoclonal Antibodies Show Promise For Alzheimer’s Disease Treatment

Scientists at NYU Langone Medical Center’s Center for Cognitive Neurology have evidence that monoclonal antibodies they developed may provide the blueprint for effective treatments for Alzheimer’s disease and other neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease.

Alzheimer’s Association International Conference 2015

– NYU Langone Medical Center

母亲第一胎时的体重可以影响第二个小孩 Mom’s Weight During First Pregnancy May Impact Second Child

Saint Louis University researchers showed a relationship between mom’s weight during her first uncomplicated pregnancy and problems with subsequent babies.

Media embedded: Image(s)

American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, e-published June 20, 2015

– Saint Louis University Medical Center

Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey Examines Two to Three Day Radiation Course for Breast Cancer

Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey is leading a clinical trial examining if a certain dose of radiation given over a short period of time to the part of the breast affected by cancer is beneficial. The trial, known as the TRI-faction Radiotherapy Utilized to Minimize Patient Hospital Trips – or TRIUMPH-T Trial – will explore the effect of treating patients with radiation delivered over a shortened period of two to three days versus longer periods associated with traditional radiation therapy.

Media embedded: Image(s)

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Georgetown Physician Leads National Melanoma Study

A Georgetown University Medical Center physician renowned for his research in melanoma will lead a new national clinical trial involving novel treatments for the disease. The study compares the sequencing of two groups of drugs — both effective in treating melanoma.

– Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center

MD Anderson在肿瘤治疗领域排名第一 MD Anderson Named Top-Ranked Hospital for Cancer Care

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center has been ranked the No. 1 hospital for cancer care in the nation by U.S. News & World Report’s “Best Hospitals” survey.

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

3D Printing Process Could Help Treat Incurable Diseases

A team of Binghamton researchers are creating a 3-D printing process to build implantable tissues and organs to treat otherwise incurable diseases. Binghamton researchers are focusing on potential diabetes treatment options by trying to “grow” a functioning three-dimensional model of a pancreas and creating new cells that produce insulin.

Media embedded: Video / Image(s)

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Michigan Child Battles, Defeats Rare Shoulder Cancer: Ewing's Sarcoma

Noah Gochanour, 8, of Michigan, recently started complaining about pain that wouldn’t go away. Beaumont Children’s Hospital doctors evaluated Noah and discovered the reason for his pain and discomfort: Ewing’s sarcoma, a rare cancerous tumor in his shoulder.

Media embedded: Video / Image(s)

– Beaumont Health

Baby JJ Scheduled to Have Second Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome Surgery Today

Narrowing of aortic arch, infant’s otherwise good health prompt physicians to move Baby JJ’s Glenn procedure up one month.

Media embedded: Video / Image(s)

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Baylor Scott & White – Round Rock Welcomes New Section Chief of Primary Care

Suneel K. Vallabhaneni, M.D. to oversee primary care providers in Austin/Round Rock Region.

– Baylor Scott & White Health

Wills Eye Hospital Earns Top National Ranking in U.S. News & World Report’s 2015-2016 Best Hospitals Issue

Wills Eye Hospital is listed Top in Ophthalmology Nationwide once again this year on the much sought-after U.S. News & World Report’s Best Hospitals 2015-2016 Rankings. The annual list recognizes hospitals that excel in treating the most challenging cases. The list is compiled from votes by thousands of doctors nationwide.

Media embedded: Image(s)

– Wills Eye Hospital

U.S. News and World Report Ranks Mass. Eye and Ear #1 in the Nation for Ear, Nose, Throat, Head & Neck Care, #1 in Northeast for Eye Care

U.S. News & World Report ranked the Mass. Eye and Ear/Mass General Department of Otolaryngology (Ear, Nose, Throat, Head & Neck) at the very top of its national 2015-16 “Best Hospitals” rankings. This number one ranking is based on many factors, including: quality of care, patient safety and reputation among board-certified otolaryngologists. Although it consistently ranks as a top department, this is the first time since 1996 that the Mass. Eye and Ear Department of Otolaryngology achieved number one status. Last year’s survey ranked the department at #4 in the nation.

– Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

芝加哥的RUSH大学医学中心排名快速上升 Rush University Medical Center Rises in U.S. News Rankings

U.S. News and World Report again ranked Rush among the best in the country in seven specialty areas. In addition, it ranked six of those Rush specialties higher than in 2014.

– Rush University Medical Center

Mount Sinai Health System Launches Major Advertising Campaign

Campaign Reunites Mount Sinai with DeVito/Verdi, Creators of Past Iconic Mount Sinai Ads

– Mount Sinai Medical Center

Media Advisory: UChicago Medicine Showcases Pediatric Robotic Urology Treatment

Internationally recognized experts will lead a two-day conference in Chicago to educate peers on emerging robotic treatments and procedures for pediatric urology patients; live stream available in India.

– University of Chicago Medical Center

“Walk a Mile; Help a Million”

The American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association (AARDA) will host its 4th Annual Washington, D.C. Metro Walk to raise awareness and funding for critical research on Saturday, August 1, at McLean Central Park (1468 Dolley Madison Boulevard) in McLean, Va.

Media embedded: Image(s)

– American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association (AARDA)

Loyola Stroke Specialist José Biller, MD, is Co-editor of Major new Textbook on Cerebrovascular Disease

Loyola University Medical Center neurologist José Biller, MD, an internationally known expert on stroke, is co-editor of a major new textbook, Common Pitfalls in Cerebrovascular Disease.

– Loyola University Health System

USAID Awards $30M Grant to Georgetown’s Institute for Reproductive Health

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has awarded $30 million to Georgetown University Medical Center’s Institute for Reproductive Health (IRH) to fund its Passages Project, which aims to improve healthy timing and spacing of pregnancies among youth and first-time parents in developing countries.

– Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center

Professor Awarded $2.2 Million Grant for Clear Blood Pressure Display

Physicians receive lots of information about patients in a short amount of time, and sometimes that information is scattered, disorganized or difficult to comprehend. Now, a researcher at the University of Missouri School of Medicine has received funding to develop a simpler and clearer system to display blood pressure information.

Media embedded: Image(s)

– University of Missouri Health


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